Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.


And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it.


His countenance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow.


And the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men.


But the angel answered and said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.


He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.

Khristos anesti ek nekron,

Thanato thanaton patisas,

Kai tis en tis mnimasi

Zo-in kharisamenos!

It may come as a surprise that one of the most reliable testified events in the ancient world is the resurrection of Christ, recorded in writing within a generation after the event (see 1 Corinthians 15) and fully testified within two generations while the majority of the witnesses were still alive. To understand how rare this is in the ancient world, one need only look at such a historical figure as Alexander the Great, whose earliest biography was not written until about 400 years after his death, after the earliest written testimony for Jesus.

Twelve Resurrection Appearances in the New Testament

There are twelve indisputable resurrection appearances recorded in the New Testament which spanned a time period of forty days following the event of the resurrection. They are to the following people:

– Mary Magdalene (Mk. 16:9-11; Jn. 20:11-18)
– The Myrrh-bearing women (Mt. 28:9-10)
– Two disciples going to Emmaus (Mk. 16:12-13; Lk. 24:13-32)
– Peter (Lk. 24:34; 1 Cor. 15:4)
– Ten disciples (Lk. 24:36-43; Jn. 20:19-25)
– Eleven disciples (Mk. 16:14; Jn. 26-29)
– Seven disciples (Jn. 21: 1-23)
– Eleven disciples on the mountain (Mt. 28:16-20)
– Over five hundred disciples (1 Cor. 15:6)
– James, the brother of our Lord (1 Cor. 15:7)
– Disciples in Bethany at the Ascension (Lk. 24:50-53; Acts. 1:2-12)
– Paul (1 Cor. 15:8)

We should mention that Acts 1:3 records Jesus appeared many times over a forty day period following his resurrection from the dead, so the appearances are not limited to only twelve.

How many saw the resurrected Christ?

Over a period of forty days Christ rarely appeared to only one individual disciple. Usually many were present, and he gave ample evidence that his resurrection was in his physical body (they touched his wounds and saw him eat). From the testimony in the New Testament, we know that well over five hundred people saw the risen Jesus, usually in groups, and there are no contradictions in the accounts nor recorded disputes about these appearances by those who saw him.

When did they see the resurrected Christ?

Interestingly, all the resurrection appearances occurred either during the day, afternoon or towards evening. Never is a resurrection appearance recorded at night, lest it be confused with a dream.

Where was the risen Christ seen?

The risen Christ appeared in many different areas, both indoors and outdoors. He was seen:

– Near his tomb
– On a well travelled road
– The seashore
– Inside a home
– A mountain
– A city
– Outdoors
– Judea
– Galilee

How did they see the risen Jesus?

The appearances of Jesus were not passing visions, but they lasted over many hours to people of different backgrounds and occupations, where he would eat with those he appeared to and have conversations with them. None of them had previously believed that he would rise from dead, so initially the appearances confirmed the event and clarified teachings they may not have understood.

– The Apostle John writes in 1 John 1:1-4 that they heard, they saw, and they handled the risen Christ.

– The Apostle Peter says in Acts 10:41 that they ate and drank with the risen Christ.

(from Mistagogy)


The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,


until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen,


to whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.


And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, “which,” He said, “you have heard from Me;


for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.


Therefore, when they had come together, they asked Him, saying, “Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?”


And He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority.


But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.


Excluding a case of continued mass hallcination, really hard to sustain, somebody could claim that the witnesses (all of them!) would have invented the whole story, that all the apostles and disciples and the rest would have concocted the event. But he forgets to explain why would they have done it? 

People lie to obtain some sort of profit or to hide their shame. They do not lie to get insults, hard life, persecutions, unspeakable tortures and horrible deaths.       (ndM)

For in what were they confident? In the shrewdness of their reasonings? Nay of all men they were the most unlearned. But in the abundance of their possessions? Nay, they had neither staff nor shoes. But in the distinction of their race? Nay, they were mean, and of mean ancestors. But in the greatness of their country? Nay, they were of obscure places. But in their own numbers? Nay, they were not more than eleven, and they were scattered abroad.

But in their Master’s promises? What kind of promises? For if He were not risen again, neither would those be likely to be trusted by them. And how should they endure a frantic people. For if the chief of them endured not the speech of a woman, keeping the door, and if all the rest too, on seeing Him bound, were scattered abroad, how should they have thought to run to the ends of the earth, and plant a feigned tale of a resurrection?

For if he stood not a woman’s threat, and they not so much as the sight of bonds, how were they able to stand against kings, and rulers, and nations, where were swords, and gridirons, and furnaces, and ten thousand deaths day by day, unless they had the benefit of the power and grace of Him who rose again?

Such miracles and so many were done, and none of these things did the Jews regard, but crucified Him, who had done them, and were they likely to believe these men at their mere word about a resurrection? These things are not, they are not so, but the might of Him, who rose again, brought them to pass.

St. John Chrysostom


In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.


He was in the beginning with God.


All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.


In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.


And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.


There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.


This man came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all through him might believe.


He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.


That was the true Light which gives light to every man coming into the world.


He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.


He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.


But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name:


who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.


And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.


John bore witness of Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me is preferred before me, for He was before me.’ “


And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace.


For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.


Hrestoss vosskrese ez mertvih,
smerteeyou Smert po Prav,
Ee suscheem vo grobeh zhivot darovav.


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